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What should you know about Persian Rugs?

Persian rugs have a rich history that dates back to the ancient Persians. It is believed that the art of weaving rugs was introduced in Persia during the Achaemenid Empire, which ruled from 550 BC to 330 BC. The Persian rug industry flourished during the Safavid dynasty, which lasted from 1501 to 1736 AD. The Safavid kings were great patrons of the arts and encouraged the production of high-quality rugs. During this period, the Persian rug industry developed into a major export industry, with Persian rugs being exported to Europe, Asia, and Africa.

Persian rugs, also known as Iranian carpets, are a type of textile that originated in Persia, which is now known as Iran. These rugs are world-renowned for their intricate designs, beautiful colors, and durability. Persian rugs are made using various materials, such as wool, silk, and cotton, and are known for their unique knots that add to their charm.

Production Process of Persian Rugs

The production process of Persian rugs is a lengthy and intricate one. It involves several steps, including the selection of the raw materials, designing the rug, knotting the rug, and finishing the rug. The raw materials used in Persian rugs are wool, silk, and cotton. The wool used in Persian rugs is typically obtained from sheep that are raised in the highlands of Iran. The silk used in Persian rugs is obtained from silkworms that are raised in the northern regions of Iran.

The process of designing a Persian rug involves creating a pattern on graph paper. The weaver uses this pattern as a guide while knotting the rug. The knots used in Persian rugs are typically asymmetrical, which gives them a unique texture and appearance. The knotting process is done entirely by hand, with each knot being tied individually.

Once the knotting process is complete, the rug is washed to remove any dirt or impurities. After the washing process, the rug is stretched and dried. The finishing process involves trimming the pile to achieve an even surface, and the rug is then bound around the edges to prevent fraying.

Types of Persian Rugs:

There are several types of Persian rugs, each with its unique features and characteristics.

  1. Tabriz Rugs: Tabriz rugs are one of the most famous types of Persian rugs. Tabriz rugs are made using silk or wool and are characterized by their floral or geometric patterns.
  2. Kashan Rugs: Kashan rugs are another popular type of Persian rug. They are known for their high-quality wool and intricate designs. Kashan rugs are usually decorated with floral patterns and are highly sought after by collectors.
  3. Isfahan Rugs: Isfahan rugs are characterized by their intricate designs and their use of silk. They are known for their floral patterns and are highly valued for their fine quality.

Persian rugs are a beautiful and valuable addition to any home or collection. With their rich history, intricate designs, and unique knotting techniques, they are truly a work of art. The production process of Persian rugs is a long and intricate one, involving several steps that are done entirely by hand. There are several types of Persian rugs, each with unique features and characteristics, and they are highly sought after by collectors around the world.